Printed, Organic & Flexible Electronics Forecasts, Players & Opportunities 2011-2021

Tuesday, February 14, 2012

Printed, Organic & Flexible Electronics Forecasts, Players & Opportunities 2011-2021

Printed, Organic & Flexible Electronics Forecasts

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This report provides the most comprehensive view of the topic, giving detailed ten year forecasts by device type. The market is analyzed by territory, printed vs non printed, rigid vs flexible, inorganic vs organic, cost of materials vs process cost and much more, with over 200 tables and figures. Activities of over 1000 leading companies are given.

The report specifically addresses the big picture – including all thin film photovoltaics, relevant display technologies and much more. Importantly, it includes not only electronics which are printed, organic and/or flexible now, but it also covers those that will be. Realistic timescales, case studies, existing products and the emergence of new products are given, as are impediments and opportunities for the years to come.

Over 3,000 organizations are pursuing printed, organic, flexible electronics, including printing, electronics, materials and packaging companies. While some of these technologies are in use now, with substantial growth in thin film photovoltaics for example, others such as thin film transistors, developed by over 500 organizations, are only becoming commercially available now. The benefits of these new electronics are numerous – ranging from lower cost, improved performance, flexibility, transparency, reliability, better environmental credentials and much more. Many of the applications will be newly created, and where existing electronic and electrical products are impacted, the extent will be varied. This widely referenced IDTechEx report brings it all together, with particular focus on applications and quantative assessment of opportunities.
2011 to 2021 Market Size
IDTechEx find that the market for printed and thin film electronics will be $2.2 Billion in 2011. 43% of that will be predominately organic electronics – such as OLED display modules. Of the total market in 2011, 38% will be printed. Initially photovoltaics, OLED and e-paper displays grow rapidly, followed by thin film transistor circuits, sensors and batteries. By 2021 the market will be worth $44.25 Billion, with 56% printed and 43% on flexible substrates.

However, the topic is even bigger than this with some conventional electronics such as conventional aSi Photovoltaics now migrating to being printed, to reduce cost, be available on flexible substrates and in larger areas. In addition to the above, forecasts for such markets are given, as is progress to print them.
Lessons, Successes and Opportunities
The report covers case studies of where printed electronics has been used, why and the results. It looks at new products that are imminently emerging and their prospects for success. The technical barriers and commercial barriers are listed and prioritized, as well as progress to overcome these.
In particular, the following components are addressed, and for each one ten year forecasts are given, along with companies and their activities, case studies, impediments to commercialization and timescales:

Logic and memory
OLED displays
OLED lighting
Electrophoretic displays
Electrochromic displays
Electroluminescent displays
Other displays

If you are looking to understand the big picture, the opportunity, the problems you can address, or how you can start to use these technologies and the implications involved, this report is a must.

Publisher >> IDTechEx
Report Category: Consumer Electronics

1.2. Twenty year forecasts of unusual breadth
1.3. Terminology and definitions
1.4. Scope for printed electronics and electrics
1.5. There is a bigger picture
1.6. Printed electronics products today
1.6.1. New technologies, more opportunity
1.6.2. With or without a silicon chip
1.6.3. Highest volume products with no silicon chip
1.6.4. Printed electronics with silicon chips
1.6.5. Electronic apparel
1.6.6. Display and lighting
1.6.7. Photovoltaic power by the mile
1.6.8. Stretchable electronic products for sale
1.6.9. A view from Toppan Forms
1.7. Displays are the main sector for now
1.8. Photovoltaics beyond conventional silicon are the second largest market
1.9. How printed electronics is being applied
1.10. Surprisingly poor progress with low cost electronics so far
1.11. Threat – silicon chips keep getting cheaper
1.12. Printed electronics for smart packaging
1.13. Driving forces for disposable electronics
1.14. Balance of reporting on printed and organic electronics
1.15. Inorganic patterning shows the way
1.16. Great uncertainty
1.17. Challenging conventional electronics
1.18. Flexible is a Big Market
1.19. Assumptions for our forecasts
1.20. Despite recession, finance for printed electronics is not drying up
2.1. Logic and Memory Market Forecasts 2010-2020
2.1.1. Logic and memory forecasts 2010-2020
2.2. Impact on silicon
2.3. Transistor design
2.3.2. New TFT geometry
2.3.3. Advantages of printed and thin film transistors and memory vs traditional silicon
2.3.4. The main options for the printed semiconductor
2.3.5. Benefits and applications envisaged for TFTCs in general
2.3.6. Development path
2.3.7. Obtaining higher frequency performance
2.3.8. Shakeout of organic transistor developers
2.3.9. Breakthrough in printed inorganic performance in from Kovio
2.3.10. NanoGram
2.3.11. Progress towards p-type metal oxide semiconductors
2.3.12. Do organic transistors have a future?
2.3.13. 3D printed silicon transistors – Japan
2.3.14. Choice of printing technologies
2.3.15. Company strategy and value chain
2.4. Memory
2.5. Flexible Memristor
2.6. RFID
2.6.1. Market for RFID
2.6.2. Ultimate potential for highest volume RFID
2.6.3. Penetration of chipless/printed RFID
3.1. Market drivers
3.2. OLEDs as displays for electronic products
3.2.2. Developers of OLEDs
3.2.3. Mobile phones and OLEDs
3.2.4. Digital Cameras and OLEDs
3.2.5. Audio/Visual players and OLEDs
3.2.6. TV sets and OLEDs
3.2.7. OLED market forecasts 2010-2020
3.2.8. Impediments to OLED adoption
3.2.9. Unmet technical needs for OLEDs
3.3. Electrophoretic
3.3.2. Applications of E-paper displays
3.3.3. The Killer Application
3.3.4. Electrophoretic displays market forecasts 2010-2020
3.4. Electrochromic
3.4.2. Electrochromic displays market forecasts 2010-2020
3.5. AC Electroluminescent
3.5.1. Applications
3.5.2. Electroluminescent displays market forecasts 2010 2020
3.6. Other display technologies
3.6.1. Thermochromic
3.6.2. Electrowetting displays
3.6.3. Liquavista, The Netherlands
3.6.4. ITRI, Taiwan and PVI, Taiwan
3.6.5. Electrochemical displays on paper
3.6.6. Flexible LCDs
3.6.7. Kent Displays
3.6.8. Other displays market size 2010-2020
4.1. Significance of lighting and challenges
4.2. Comparisons of lighting technologies
4.3. General illumination market
4.4. Lighting forecasts 2010-2020
4.5. Value Chain and examples of OLED lighting
4.6. AC electroluminescent lighting
4.7. LEDs
5.1. Photovoltaics
5.1.1. Thin film Photovoltaics
5.1.2. Comparison of technologies
5.1.3. Solar cell production by company
5.1.4. Trends by territory
5.1.5. Parameters for comparing Photovoltaic technologies
5.2. Photovoltaics Forecasts
5.2.1. Forecast analysis
5.2.2. Photovoltaic subsidies – should more be given?
5.2.3. The need for storage
5.2.4. Installation of photovoltaics
5.2.5. Hope for silicon photovoltaics to reach grid price parity
5.2.6. Strategies of market entry for new, potentially cheaper technologies
5.2.7. Photovoltaics in 2009/2010 after the mid 2008 peak
5.3. Batteries
5.3.1. Importance of laminar batteries
5.3.2. Button batteries vs laminar batteries
5.3.3. Choices of laminar battery
5.3.4. Applications of laminar batteries
5.3.5. Infinite Power Solutions
5.3.6. Solicore, USA
5.3.7. Power Paper
5.3.8. Blue Spark
5.3.9. VoltaFlex
5.3.10. Enfucell
5.4. Printed batteries forecasts 2010-2020
5.4.2. Laminar batteries – missing the big opportunity?
5.5. Fuel cells
6.1. General situation and examples
6.2. Photodetector arrays
6.2.1. Printed flexible scanners
6.3. Touch screens
6.4. Successes and failures
6.5. Sensor Forecasts 2010-2020
7.1. Market by territory
7.1.1. Number of active organisations globally in this field
7.1.2. Geographical split 2010-2020
7.1.3. Giant corporations of the world and their progress with printed electronics
7.2. The total market opportunity by component
7.3. Organic versus Inorganic
7.4. Printed versus non printed electronics
7.5. Flexible/conformal versus rigid electronics
7.6. Market forecasts for materials 2010-2020
7.7. Impact of printed electronics on conventional markets
7.7.2. Impact on end-use markets
7.7.3. Potential markets
7.8. Printed electronics: fundraising, investors, list of companies
7.8.1. Printed Electronics Commercial Fund Raising Activities
7.8.2. Printed Electronics Government Funded Activities
8.1. Statistics for materials running out
8.1.1. Indium
8.1.2. Rare Earths
8.1.3. Escape Routes
8.1.4. Selenium
8.1.5. Quantum dots, carbon nanotubes, common compounds
8.1.6. Material supply and sustainability of thin film CIGS and CdTe Photovoltaics
8.2. Low temperature processes/curing
8.2.1. New ink formulations
8.2.2. Breakthrough in metal ink cure from Novacentrix: room temperature on cheap substrates
8.2.3. New Copper ink
8.3. Backplane transistor arrays hold up AMOLED market penetration
8.4. Need for better flexible, transparent, low cost barriers
8.5. Lack of standardised benchmarking
8.6. Urgent need for creative product design
9.1.1. ACREO
9.1.2. Asahi Kasei
9.1.3. Asahi Glass
9.1.4. BASF
9.1.5. DaiNippon Printing
9.1.6. Evonik
9.1.7. Fujifilm Dimatix
9.1.8. G24i
9.1.9. HC Starck
9.1.10. Hewlett Packard
9.1.11. Holst Centre
9.1.12. InkTec
9.1.13. ITRI Taiwan
9.1.14. Konarka
9.1.15. Kovio Inc
9.1.16. Merck Chemicals
9.1.17. National Information Society Agency
9.1.18. Optomec
9.1.19. Organic ID
9.1.20. Philips
9.1.21. Plastic E Print
9.1.22. Plastic Logic
9.1.23. Plextronics
9.1.24. PolyIC
9.1.25. PVI
9.1.26. Samsung
9.1.27. Semiconductor Energy Laboratory
9.1.28. Seiko Epson
9.1.29. Soligie
9.1.30. Thin Film Electronics
9.1.31. Toppan Forms
9.1.32. Toppan Printing
9.1.33. University of Tokyo
9.1.34. Waseda University
9.1.35. Other players in this value chain
1.3. Some of today's disposable electronics and why inorganic technology is needed to make it more saleable and useful
1.4. Some of the technical constraints of printed electronics and the exciting recent history of breakthroughs that give credibility to more being overcome in the next few years
1.5. Primary assumptions of organic electronics in full production 2010 to 2020
2.1. Global market for printed electronics logic and memory 2010-2020 in billions of dollars, with % printed and % flexible
2.2. Scope for printed TFTCs to create new markets or replace silicon chips
2.3. Advantages of printed and thin film transistors and memory vs traditional silicon
2.4. Comparison of some of the main options for the semiconductors in printed and potentially printed transistors
2.5. Envisaged benefits of TFTCs in RFID and other low-cost applications when compared with envisaged silicon chips
2.6. Typical carrier mobility in different potential TFTC semiconductors (actual and envisaged) vs higher mobility silicon, not printable.
2.7. Objectives and challenges of organisations developing printed and potentially printed transistor and/ or memory circuits and/or their materials
2.8. Some of the small group of contestants for large capacity printed memory.
2.10. Total value of tags by application 2010-2020 (US Dollar Millions)
2.11. Chipless versus Chip RFID, in numbers of units (billions) (Chip includes Active RFID tags)
2.12. Market size of various chipless solutions, 2010-2020
3.1. Some new and established display technologies compared
3.2. Comparison of the features of various technologies for advertising and signage
3.3. Examples of OLED materials and displays investment until the beginning of 2009
3.4. Examples of companies developing OLEDs
3.5. Market forecasts for OLED panel displays 2010-2020
3.6. Advantages and disadvantages of electrophoretic displays
3.7. Comparison between OLEDs and E-Ink of various parameters
3.8. Electrophoretic displays market forecasts 2010-2020
3.9. Electrochromic displays market forecasts 2010-2020
3.10. Electroluminescent displays market forecasts 2010-2020
3.11. Other displays market size 2010-2020
4.1. Incandescent, fluorescent, inorganic LED and the potential performance of OLED lighting compared
4.2. Some relevant statistics in millions of units sold worldwide in 2008
4.3. Lighting forecasts 2010-2020
4.4. Sales of inorganic LED lighting 2002-2008 in billions of units
5.1. The leading photovoltaic technologies compared
5.2. Comparison of the typical power conversion technologies of different types of solar cell technologies
5.3. Efficiency and commercialization dates of laminar organic, CdTe and DSSC photovoltaics
5.4. Performance of various types of photovoltaic cell compared
5.5. Photovoltaics forecasts 2010-2020
5.6. Shapes of battery for small RFID tags advantages and disadvantages
5.7. The spectrum of choice of technologies for laminar batteries
5.8. Examples of potential sources of flexible thin film batteries
5.9. Some examples of marketing thrust for laminar batteries
5.10. Batteries forecasts 2010-2020
6.1. Examples of companies developing organic sensors and other components and their main emphasis
6.2. Sensor forecasts 2010-2020
7.1. The market for printed and potentially printed electronics by territory in $ billion
7.2. Examples of giant corporations intending to make the printed and potentially printed devices with the largest market potential, showing East Asia dominant.
7.3. Examples of giant corporations, making or intending to make materials for printed and potentially printed electronics
7.4. Most supported technology by number of organisations identified in North America, East Asia and Europe
7.5. Summary of the trends by territory
7.6. Market forecast by component type for 2010-2020 in US $ billions, for printed and potentially printed electronics including organic, inorganic and composites
7.7. Market forecasts for 2030 $ Billions
7.8. Spend on organic versus inorganic materials 2010-2020
7.9. Split of material types by component
7.10. Market value $ billions of only printed electronics 2010-2020
7.11. Market value $ billions of only flexible/conformal electronics 2010-2020
7.12. Materials market forecasts 2010-2020
7.13. End user markets relevant to printed and potentially printed electronics
7.15. Examples of fundraising activities in printed electronics since the beginning of 2008
7.16. Examples of government funded programs for printed electronics
8.1. Water vapour and oxygen transmission rates of various materials.
8.2. Requirements of barrier materials
9.1. Other players in the value chain
1.1. Market volume in Euro billions
1.2. Smart iontophoretic skin patches
1.3. Esquire magazine with animated display September 2008
1.4. Plastic Logic E-reader
1.5. T-equaliser animated t-shirt
1.6. XEL-1 by SONY
1.7. Active Matrix OLED Fab ramp-up in 2006/07 – most in East Asia
1.8. How printed electronics is being applied to products
1.9. Printed Electronics Applications
1.10. Typical price breaks for high volume electronics and examples of potential advances.
2.1. Traditional geometry for a field effect transistor
2.2. Transistors – first significant commercial product in 2009
2.3. Performance of Kovio's ink versus others by mobility
2.4. Road map
2.5. NanoGram's Laser Reactive Deposition (LRD) technology
2.6. Transparent Zinc Oxide transistors
2.7. 3D printing of silicon from Seiko Epson
2.8. Options for high speed, low-cost printing of TFTCs
2.9. Value chain for TFTCs and examples of migration of activity for players
2.10. An all-organic permanent memory transistor
2.11. TFE memory compared with the much more complex DRAM in silicon
2.12. Structure of TFE memory
2.13. TFE priorities for commercialisation of mega memory
2.14. Prototype 13.56 MHz RFID smart labels from reel to reel production of organic TFTCs by PolyIC
2.15. Potential, in billions yearly, for global sales of RFID labels and circuits printed directly onto products or packaging. Item level is shown in red. These are examples.
2.16. Chipless versus Chip RFID, in numbers of units (billions)
3.1. Basic structure of an OLED
3.2. Samsung OLED television, Philips OLED shaver and Eastman Kodak OLED camera.
3.3. Concept of apparel that illuminates with flexible OLED displays
3.4. LEP process flow
3.5. An OLED display from Samsung which folds in the middle. More than half of Samsung's stand was previewing OLED displays
3.6. A 4″ flexible AM OLED from LG on stainless steel
3.7. A Sony OLED display illustrating its thinness
3.8. WOLED displays from Samsung
3.9. Principle of operation of electrophoretic displays
3.10. E-paper displays on a magazine sold in the US in October 2008
3.11. Retail Shelf Edge Labels from UPM
3.12. Secondary display on a cell phone
3.13. Amazon Kindle 2, launched in the US in February 2009
3.14. Electrophoretic display on a commercially sold financial card
3.15. A Polymer Vision/Wistron display
3.16. Electrochromic display on a Valentine's card sold by Marks and Spencer in the UK in 2004 and electrochromic display with drive circuits in a laminate for smart cards..
3.17. Boardroom lighting in Alcatel France that switches to various modes
3.18. EL dcor, signage and instrumentation in the new Jaguar concept model
3.19. Animated EL artwork in a two meter suspended ball for event lighting
3.20. Educational AC electroluminescent floor covering
3.21. Coyopa rum with four segment sequentially switched pictures
3.22. TV controller
3.23. Switched image on face of Fossil watch
3.24. Car instrument illumination by electroluminescent display
3.25. Duracell battery tester
3.26. Interactive game on a beer package by VTT Technologies in Finland
3.27. Droplet contracting and relaxing from Liquavista
3.28. Droplet driven electrowetting displays from adt, Germany
3.29. Display on an EnOcean wireless switch
3.30. Transmissive electrowetting displays frm Liquavista
3.31. Demonstrator from Liquavista
3.32. Flow chart of the manufacture process
3.33. The dollhouse. When energy is added to the system the colour of the wallpaper changes and a picture appears on the wall
3.34. Two state electrolytic display on paper
3.35. Seven segment display printed with bi-stable inks
3.36. Color LCD by photo alignment
3.37. Photo alignment of LCD
3.38. The HKUST optical rewriting
3.39. Color printable flexible LCD
4.1. Impact of the various forms of lighting, with the overlap showing degree of competition
4.2. Value chain for manufacture of OLEDs for lighting and signage
4.3. The space saving of OLED lights and their exceptional colour tunability
4.4. Example of OLED Lighting
4.5. Motion lighting concept
5.1. Some of the overlapping requirements for photovoltaics
5.2. Progress of confirmed research-scale photovoltaic device efficiencies, under AM 1.5 simulated solar illumination, for a variety of technologies
5.3. Construction of a traditional bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaic cell
5.4. Module stack for photovoltaics
5.5. The 3000 organisations tackling printed and potentially printed devices and their materials
5.6. Only East Asia has many giant companies involved in non-silicon photovoltaic devices
5.7. Power PlasticTM Advantage – High Energy Yield
5.8. Supply of PV in 2008
5.9. Demand of PV
5.10. Infinite Power Solutions batteries.
5.11. Power Paper printed battery
5.12. Reel to reel screen printing of Blue Spark batteries
5.13. VoltaFlex organic polymer lithium battery
5.14. Estee Lauder smart skin patch which delivers cosmetics using the iontophoretic effect
6.1. The main options for organic sensors
6.2. Plastic film scanner with no moving parts
7.1. Organisations involved in printed and potentially printed electronics across the world, by type of interest
7.2. Primary devices being developed
7.3. Market by Territory 2010-2020
7.4. Number of printed electronics products by country
7.5. Number of organisations active in printed electronics by country in Europe
7.6. Display project distribution in East Asia: OLED left, electroluminescent center, electrophoretic right.
7.7. Number of projects by device type in North America
7.8. Market forecast by component type for 2010-2020 in US $ billions, for printed and potentially printed electronics including organic, inorganic and composites
7.9. Market forecasts for 2030
7.10. Spend on organic versus inorganic materials 2010-2020
7.11. Market value $ billions of only printed electronics 2010-2020
7.12. Market value $ billions of only flexible/conformal electronics 2010-2020
7.13. Relative investments from the key areas of printed electronics development
7.14. Materials market forecast 2010-2020
7.15. Examples of organic and inorganic electronics and electrics potentially tackling different technologies and applications
7.16. The potential annual global sales of each type by 2020 in US$ billions
7.17. The potential annual global sales of each type by 2030 in US$ billions
7.18. Some of the potential markets
8.1. Indium price 2001-2006
8.2. Typical SEM images of CU flake C1 6000F. Copper flake
8.3. Thermal requirements and capabilities of different materials
8.4. The NovaCentrix process
8.5. Pre and post sintering
8.6. SEM Image of the copper oxide ink as printed (left) followed by the same film (right) post-processing showing densification and conversion to copper with the PulseForge 3100
8.7. Current options and challenges for backplane TFTs
8.8. Schematic diagrams for encapsulated structures a) conventional b) laminated c) deposited in situ
8.9. Scanning electron micrograph image of a barrier film cross section6
8.10. Progress of confirmed research-scale photovoltaic device efficiencies, under AM 1.5 simulated solar illumination, for a variety of technologies
8.11. Innovative product designers/ sellers are in short supply
9.1. Semiconductor development at Evonik
9.2. Target range for mobility and processing temperature of semiconductors.
9.3. Transfer characteristics of gen3 semiconductor system
9.4. Current efficiency of a Novaled PIN OLEDTM stack on an inkjet printed, transparent conductive ITO anode.
9.5. G24i Solar bag
9.6. Solar camera bag powered by G24i – due to launch Q1 2010 with dedicated camera battery charger
9.7. Inks developed by InkTec
9.8. InkTec Printing methods
9.9. Ubiquitous Sensor Networks (USN)
9.10. Simple sensors used in initial trials
9.11. USN services and applications
9.12. Left is diode logic OR gate and the right is a bridge rectifier
9.13. Micrograph of an SSD array and the 110 GHz microwave measurement setup
9.14. A prototype of the Plastic Logic E-reader
9.15. A prototype of the Plastic Logic E-reader
9.16. A prototype of the Plastic Logic E-reader
9.17. Samsung OLED display
9.18. Size of ink droplet volume versus it's radius
9.19. Printed Flexible Circuits from Soligie
9.20. Capabilities of Soligie
9.21. Printed electronics from Soligie
9.22. Printing presses used for printing electronics at Soligie
9.23. An e-label from Soligie
9.24. A flexible display sample
9.25. Printed electronics samples
9.26. New electronics targets physical space
9.27. Large-area electronics
9.28. 32″ pressure sensor matrix
9.29. Wireless power transmission sheet
9.30. Device structure
9.31. Organic transistors
9.32. Organic transistor 3D ICs
9.33. Scanner with no moving parts
9.34. Scanning a wine bottle label
9.35. Stretchable electronics
9.36. Flexible battery that charges in one minute

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