Inorganic and Composite Printed Electronics 2011-2021

Tuesday, February 14, 2012

Inorganic and Composite Printed Electronics 2011-2021

Inorganic and Composite Printed Electronics Market

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This report critically compares the options, the trends and the emerging applications. It is the first in the world to comprehensively cover this exciting growth area. The emphasis is on technology basics, commercialisation and the key players.

This report is suitable for all companies developing or interested in the opportunity of printed or thin film electronics materials, manufacturing technologies or complete device fabrication and integration.

Technologies covered
The report considers inorganic printed and thin film electronics for displays, lighting, semiconductors, sensors, conductors, photovoltaics, batteries and memory giving detailed company profiles not available elsewhere. The coverage is global – with companies from East Asia to Europe to America all included.

The application of the technology in relation to other types such as organic electronics and silicon chips is given, with detailed information clearly summarised in over 160 tables and figures.

Elements being targeted
In order to meet the widening variety of needs for printed and potentially printed electronics, not least in flexible, low cost form, a rapidly increasing number of elements are being brought to bear. Oxides, amorphous mixtures and alloys are particularly in evidence. Even the so-called organic devices such as OLEDs variously employ such materials as B, Al and Ti oxides and nitrides as barrier layers against water and oxygen, Al, Cu, Ag and indium tin oxide as conductors, Ca or Mg cathodes and CoFe nanodots, Ir and Eu in light emitting layers, for example.

This report is essential for all those wishing to understand this technology, the players, opportunities and applications, to ensure they are not surpassed.

Publisher >> IDTechEx
Report Category: Consumer Electronics

1. INTRODUCTION
1.1. Printed electronics – reasons why
1.2. Impact of printed electronics on conventional electronics
1.3. Progress so far
1.3.1. The age of silicon
1.3.2. The dream of organic electronics
1.3.3. The example of smart clothing
1.3.4. Slow progress with organic conductors
1.3.5. Boron nitride – tailoring carbon composites
1.4. The new inorganic printed and thin film devices
1.4.1. Rapidly widening choice of elements – dj vu
1.4.2. Example – printed lighting
1.4.3. Example – printed photodetectors
1.4.4. Inorganic barrier layers – alumina, silicon nitride, boron nitride etc
2. INORGANIC TRANSISTORS
2.1. Inorganic compound semiconductors for transistors
2.1.1. Learning how to print inorganic compound transistors
2.1.2. Zinc oxide based transistor semiconductors and Samsung breakthrough
2.1.3. More work on inorganic transistors: Progress at Evonik
2.1.4. Amorphous InGaZnO
2.1.5. Gallium-indium hydroxide nanoclusters
2.1.6. Gallium arsenide semiconductors for transistors
2.1.7. Transfer printing silicon and gallium arsenide on film
2.1.8. Silicon nanoparticle ink
2.1.9. Molybdenite transistors at EPFL Lausanne
2.1.10. Carbon nanotube TFTs at SWeNT
2.2. Inorganic dielectrics for transistors
2.2.1. Solution processed barium titanate nanocomposite
2.2.2. Alternative inorganic dielectrics HafSOx etc
2.2.3. Hybrid inorganic dielectrics – zirconia
2.2.4. Hafnium oxide – latest work
2.2.5. Aluminium, lanthanum and other oxides
2.3. Hewlett Packard prints aSi backplanes reel to reel
2.4. Inorganic transistors on paper
2.5. Progress Towards p-type Metal Oxide Semiconductors
2.6. High-Mobility Ambipolar Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Transistors
2.7. Hybrid inorganic/organic transistors and memory
2.7.1. Resistive switching
2.7.2. Oxides as anodes
2.8. Do organic transistors have a future?
3. INORGANIC PHOTOVOLTAICS AND THERMOELECTRIC
3.1. Performance criteria and limitations of silicon photovoltaics
3.2. Comparison of photovoltaic technologies
3.3. Non-silicon inorganic options
3.3.1. Lowest cost solar cells – CuSnZnSSe?
3.3.2. Copper Indium Gallium diSelenide (CIGS)
3.3.3. Gallium arsenide
3.3.4. Gallium arsenide – germanium
3.3.5. Gallium indium phosphide and gallium indium arsenide
3.3.6. Cadmium telluride and cadmium selenide
3.3.7. Bismuth ferrite – new principle of operation
3.3.8. Porous zinc oxide
3.3.9. Polymer-quantum dot devices CdSe, CdSe/ZnS, PbS, PbSe
3.3.10. Cuprous oxide PV
3.3.11. Other inorganic semiconductors for PV
3.4. Inorganic-organic and carbon-organic formulations
3.4.1. Titanium dioxide Dye Sensitised Solar Cells (DSSC)
3.4.2. Zinc oxide DSCC photovoltaics
3.4.3. Development of high-performance organic-dye sensitized solar cells
3.4.4. Fullerene enhanced polymers
3.5. Other recent advances
3.6. Cobalt, phosphate and ITO to store the energy
3.7. Major US funding for thin Si, CIGS/ZnMnO, DSSC photovoltaics
4. BATTERIES AND SUPERCAPACITORS
4.1. Applications of laminar batteries
4.2. Technology and developers
4.2.1. Zirconium disulphide
4.2.2. Battery overview
4.2.3. The Paper Battery Co
4.2.4. Nanotecture
4.2.5. CEA Liten
4.2.6. Rocket Electric, Bexel, Samsung, LG Chemicals and micro SKC batteries for Ubiquitous Sensor Networks
4.2.7. Power Paper
4.2.8. Solicore, USA
4.2.9. SCI, USA
4.2.10. Infinite Power Solutions, USA
4.2.11. Blue Spark Technologies, USA
4.2.12. Enfucell
4.2.13. Printed battery research
4.3. Smart skin patches
4.4. Nano metal oxides with carbon create new supercapacitor
5. CONDUCTORS, SENSORS, METAMATERIALS AND MEMRISTORS
5.1. Silver, indium tin oxide and general comparisons.
5.2. Conductor deposition technologies
5.3. 2009/2010 breakthroughs in printing copper
5.3.1. Challenges with copper
5.3.2. University of Helsinki
5.3.3. NanoDynamics
5.3.4. Applied Nanotech Holdings
5.3.5. Samsung Electro-Mechanics
5.3.6. Intrinsiq announces nano copper for printing
5.3.7. NovaCentrix
5.3.8. Hitachi Chemical
5.4. Conductive Inks
5.5. Progress with new conductive ink chemistries and cure processes
5.5.1. Novacentrix PulseForge
5.6. Pre-Deposit Images in Metal PDIM
5.7. Transparent electrodes by metal patterning
5.8. Printed conductors for RFID tag antennas
5.8.1. Print resolutions required for high performance RFID tag antennas
5.8.2. Process cost comparison
5.8.3. RFID tag manufacture consolidation and leaders in 2009
5.9. Printing wide area sensors and their memory: Polyscene, Polyapply, 3Plast, PriMeBits, Motorola
5.10. Phase Change Memory
5.11. Printing metamaterials
5.12. Flexible memristors
5.13. Company profiles
5.13.1. ASK
5.13.2. Poly-Flex
5.13.3. Avery Dennison
5.13.4. Sun Chemical (Coates Circuit Products)
5.13.5. Mark Andy
5.13.6. InTune (formerly UPM Raflatac)
5.13.7. Stork Prints
5.14. Aerosol jet printing by Optomec
5.15. Electroless plating and electroplating technologies
5.15.1. Conductive Inkjet Technology
5.15.1. Hanita Coatings
5.15.2. Omron
5.15.3. Meco
5.15.4. Additive Process Technologies Ltd
5.15.5. Ertek
5.15.6. Leonhard Kurz
5.16. Polymer – metal suspensions
5.17. Comparison of options
5.18. Dry Phase Patterning (DPP)
5.19. Inorganic biomedical sensors
5.19.1. Disposable blocked artery sensors
5.19.2. Disposable asthma analysis
6. NANOTUBES AND NANOWIRES
6.1. Nanotubes
6.2. At Stanford, nanotubes + ink + paper = instant battery
6.3. Carbon Nanotubes and printed electronics
6.4. Developers of Carbon Nanotubes for Printed Electronics
6.5. Nanorods in photovoltaics
6.6. Zinc oxide nanorod semiconductors
6.7. Zinc oxide nano-lasers
6.8. Indium oxide nanowires
6.9. Zinc oxide nanorod piezo power
7. INORGANIC AND HYBRID DISPLAYS AND LIGHTING
7.1. AC Electroluminescent
7.1.1. Fully flexible electroluminescent displays
7.1.2. Watch displays
7.1.3. MorphTouch™ from MFLEX
7.1.4. Electroluminescent and other printed displays
7.2. Thermochromic
7.2.1. Heat generation and sensitivity
7.2.2. CASE STUDY: Duracell battery testers
7.3. Electrophoretic
7.3.1. Background
7.3.2. Applications of E-paper displays
7.3.3. Electrochromic E-Paper using ZnO Nanowire Array
7.3.4. The Killer Application
7.4. Colour electrophoretics
7.5. Inorganic LED lighting and hybrid OLED
7.6. Affordable electronic window shutters
7.7. Quantum dot lighting and displays
8. COMPANY PROFILES
8.1. Hewlett Packard
8.2. Unidym
8.3. NanoMas Technologies
8.4. Miasol
8.5. Konarka
8.6. Spectrolab
8.7. G24i
8.8. Soligie
8.9. BASF
8.10. DaiNippon Printing
8.11. Evonik
8.12. InkTec
8.13. Samsung
8.14. Toppan Printing
8.15. Nanogram
9. TIMELINES, SIZING OF OPPORTUNITIES AND MARKET FORECASTS
9.1. Market forecasts 2011-2021
9.2. Materials
9.3. Devices
9.3.1. Photovoltaics
9.3.2. Batteries, displays, etc
9.3.3. Market for printed electronic labels
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
APPENDIX 1: IDTECHEX PUBLICATIONS AND CONSULTANCY
TABLES
1.1. Comparison of thin film silicon and organic thin films as transistor semiconductors.
2.1. Comparison of printed polymer ink used in pilot production of organic transistors vs two thin film inorganic semiconductors for transistors vs nanosilicon ink
2.2. Some of the organisations developing zinc oxide transistors
2.3. Some properties of new thin film dielectrics
2.4. Benefits and challenges of R2R electronics fabrication were seen as follows:
2.5. Printing choices
3.1. Efficiency vs deliverable output power
3.2. Efficiencies for thin film solar cells
3.3. Technology comparison between inorganic and other photovoltaic cells on plastic film
3.4. Summary of some of the important performance criteria for photovoltaics by type
3.5. Some recent results for inorganic and organic-fullerene photovoltaic cells
3.6. Companies pursuing industrial production of CIGS photovoltaics
3.7. Quantum Dots Available
3.8. Typical quantum dot materials from Evident and their likely application.
3.9. Thin film market share module cost by technology
4.1. Some examples of marketing thrust for laminar batteries
4.2. Shapes of battery for small RFID tags advantages and disadvantages
4.3. Examples of suppliers of coin type batteries by country
4.4. The spectrum of choice of technologies for batteries in smart packaging
4.5. Examples of potential sources of flexible thin film batteries
4.6. Examples of universities and research centres developing laminar batteries
4.7. The four generations of delivery skin patches
4.8. Examples of drugs and cosmetics applied by company using iontophoresis
5.1. Main applications of conductive inks and some major suppliers today
5.2. Different options for printing electronics, level of success and examples of companies
5.3. Comparison of metal etch (e.g. copper and aluminium) conductor choices
5.4. Electroless metal plate – Additive print process with weakly conductive ink (e.g. plastics or carbon) followed by wet metal plating
5.5. Electro metal plate – Additive print process with weakly conductive ink (e.g. plastics or carbon) followed by dry metal plating
5.6. Printable metallic conductors cure at LT e.g. silver based ink
5.7. Parameters for metal ink choices
5.8. Examples of suppliers for metal (mainly silver) PTF inks
5.9. Examples of companies progressing printed RFID antennas etc
5.10. Some companies progressing ink jettable conductors
5.11. Process Cost Comparison 1 – low volume – GB £ /sq metre web production – Antenna on substrate only
5.12. Cost breakdown of an average RFID tag in 2004 and target
5.13. Possibilities for various new printed conductors.
6.1. Charge carrier mobility of carbon nanotubes compared with alternatives
6.2. Developers of Carbon Nanotubes for Printed Electronics
7.1. Advantages and disadvantages of electrophoretic displays
7.2. Comparison between OLEDs and E-Ink of various parameters
9.1. The market for inorganic versus organic electronics defined by chemistry of key element 2011-2021
9.2. Percentage share as a whole of the market 2011-2021
9.3. Printed electronics materials and other elements of device income 2011-2021 in billions of dollars
9.4. Market forecast by component type for 2011-2021 in US $ billions, for printed and potentially printed electronics including organic, inorganic and composites
9.5. Market size for thin film photovoltaic technologies beyond silicon technologies % of the market that is printed and flexible
9.6. Statistics for electronic labels and their potential locations
FIGURES
1.1. SuperPanoramic cockpit with closable opaque layer – a concept of the US Air Force
1.2. US Warfighter’s back pack must reduce in weight. Wrist displays, printed antennas, batteries, electronics and power generation will be part of this.
1.3. The different impact of the new printed electronics on various existing electric and electronic markets
1.4. Organic electronics – the dream
1.5. Attributes and problems of inorganic, hybrid and organic thin film electronics form a spectrum
1.6. Elements employed in the silicon chip business where blue refers to before the 1990s, green for since the 1990s and red for beyond 2005.
1.7. Projections for flexible printed and thin film lighting 2007-2025
1.8. Tera-Barrier’s barrier stack
2.1. Transparent inorganic transistor
2.2. Example of ZnO based transistor circuit.
2.3. Using a nanolaminate as an e-platform
2.4. TEM images of solution processed nanolaminates
2.5. Semiconductor development
2.6. Target range for mobility and processing temperature of semiconductors
2.7. Transfer characteristics of gen3 semiconductor system
2.8. Current efficiency of a Novaled PIN OLEDTM stack on an inkjet printed, transparent conductive ITO anode
2.9. Cross-sectional schematic view of an amorphous oxide TFT
2.10. Transparent and flexible active matrix backplanes fabricated on PEN films
2.11. Molecular precursors synthesized at the University of Oregon
2.12. Semprius transfer printing
2.13. Performance of Kovio’s ink versus others by mobility
2.14. Road map
2.15. Molybdenite transistor from EPFL Lausanne
2.16. Hybrid organic-inorganic transistor and right dual dielectric transistor
2.17. Web as clean room
2.18. The basic imprint lithography process
2.19. Zinc oxide transistors printed on to paper
2.20. SEM image of p-type ZnO nanowires
3.1. Wafer vs thin film photovoltaics
3.2. Summary of the applicational requirements for the large potential markets
3.3. Progress in improving the efficiency of the different types of photovoltaic cell 1975-2011
3.4. CIGS photovoltaic cell configuration that is not yet printed. Nanosolar now prints similar structures reel to reel.
3.5. CIGS-CGS absorber layer
3.6. Roll to roll production of CIGS on metal or polyimide film
3.7. An example of flexible, lightweight CdTe photovoltaics on polymer film
3.8. Mass production of flexible thin film electronic devices using the three generations of technology.
3.9. A typical DSSC construction
3.10. Solar cell researchers
3.11. Fullerene-pentacene photovoltaic device
3.12. Advantages of Pulse Thermal Processing (PTP)
4.1. Inorganic micro-battery development by CEA Liten, illustrating the various chemistries
4.2. CEA Liten Li-Ion battery development
4.3. The Power Paper battery
4.4. The Infinite Power battery is very small
4.5. Infinite Power batteries ready for use
4.6. IPS Thinergy rechargeable, solid-state lithium batteries
4.7. Reel to reel printing of Blue Spark Technologies batteries
4.8. Carbon zinc thin film battery from Blue Spark Technologies
4.9. Examples of smart skin patches.
4.10. The Estee Lauder smart cosmetic patch with printed inorganic battery and electrodes launched in 2006 a three pack costing $50 and an eight pack costing $100
4.11. The ultimate dream for smart skin patches for drugs – closed loop automated treatment
4.12. Evolution of smart skin patches
5.1. Typical SEM images of Copper flake C1 6000F.
5.2. Industrial Inkjet Printhead and nano-Cu ink developed by Samsung Electro-Mechanics
5.3. Silver-based ink as printed and after curing
5.4. Conductance in ohms per square for the different printable conductive materials compared with bulk metal
5.5. Loading for spherical conductive fillers
5.6. Typical SEM images of CU flake C1 6000F. Copper flake
5.7. PolyIC approach to patterned transparent electrodes
5.8. Caledon Controls transparent conductive film using printed metal patterning.
5.9. Choice of printing technology for RFID antennas today
5.10. Projected tag assembly costs from Alien Technology in US Cents for volumes of several billions of tags
5.11. How negative refractive index works
5.12. How to make a working printed metamaterial
5.13. Printed metal patterning to form metamaterial
5.14. Flexible memristor
5.15. Meco’s Flex Antenna Plating (FAP) machine
5.16. APT’s FFD prototype can operate faster than 20 meters per minute.
5.17. Additive Process Technologies 2 stage process
5.18. Additive Process Technologies antenna cost
5.19. New technology to make conductive patterns
5.20. Dry Phase Patterned inductor
6.1. Properties and morphology of single walled carbon nanotubes
6.2. Nanotube shrink-wrap from Unidym
6.3. Zinc oxide nanowires generating power
7.1. Pelikon’s (now MFLEX) prize winning fashion watch
7.2. An example of an elumin8 electroluminescent display
7.3. Experimental game printed on beer pack by VTT Technology of Finland
7.4. Duracell battery testing chipless label – front and reverse view
7.5. Principle of operation of electrophoretic displays
7.6. E-paper displays on a magazine sold in the US in October 2008
7.7. Retail Shelf Edge Labels from UPM
7.8. Secondary display on a cell phone
7.9. Scheme of the fabricated e-paper nanostructure based on ZnO nanowires
7.10. Photo image of (a) bleached, and (b) color state of the flexible ZnO nanowire electrode
7.11. Electronic paper from Fujitsu
8.1. Unidym’s target markets for transparent conducting nanotube films
8.2. NanoMas technology
8.3. Konarka thin film solar cell arrays
8.4. G24i has a new UK factory printing titanium oxide photovoltaics
8.5. G24i’s advanced solar technology vs traditional polycrystalline
8.6. Printed Flexible Circuits from Soligie
8.7. Capabilities of Soligie
8.8. Printed electronics from Soligie
8.9. Printing presses used for printing electronics at Soligie
8.10. An e-label from Soligie
8.11. Semiconductor development at Evonik
8.12. Target range for mobility and processing temperature of semiconductors.
8.13. Transfer characteristics of gen3 semiconductor system
8.14. Current efficiency of a Novaled PIN OLEDTM stack on an inkjet printed, transparent conductive ITO anode.
8.15. Inks developed by InkTec
8.16. InkTec Printing methods
8.17. Samsung OLED display
8.18. NanoGram’s Laser Reactive Deposition (LRD) technology
9.1. Printed electronics materials and other elements of device income 2011-2021
9.2. Market forecast by component type for 2011-2021 in US $ billions, for printed and potentially printed electronics including organic, inorganic and composites
9.3. Konarka estimates of opening markets for flexible photovoltaics
9.4. Organic semiconductor projection by IBM
9.5. Technical challenges for the next ten year to improvement of FDICD capabilities
9.6. Facts about media
9.7. SM Products Road Map

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1 comments:

  1. bharatbook said...:

    Your post really informative as well as so helpful for my Printed Electronics Market Research and Development.

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